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Table of Contents
CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 141-143

Application of matrix rhythm therapy (MaRhyThe©) as a novel treatment in trigeminal neuralgia


1 CVTS Physiotherapy Department, KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
2 Sports Physiotherapy Department, KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
3 Clinical Physiotherapist at Niramay Physiotherapy Center, Belagavi, Karnataka, India

Date of Submission16-Jul-2020
Date of Decision28-Nov-2020
Date of Acceptance28-Nov-2020
Date of Web Publication04-Jan-2021

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Varun Naik
KAHER Institute of Physiotherapy, 2nd Floor, Nehru Nagar, Belagavi - 590 010, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijptr.ijptr_20_20

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  Abstract 


Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is one of the most excruciating painful conditions that is generally referred and treated in the physiotherapy outpatient department (OPD). It is described by generalized bouts of paroxysmal pain enduring from a brief moment to as long as 2 min and is situated along the course of the trigeminal nerve in the orofacial region. Matrix Rhythm Therapy (MaRhyThe©) is a new tool to treat pain and restricted joint mobility. However, its effectiveness is yet to be established in myofascial pain syndromes. A case of TN was reported in the OPD with complaints of the right side intraoral and jaw pain for 2 years, lasting for 3–5 min with 15–20 episodes of pain every day. Three sessions of MaRhyThe© once a week for 3 weeks was administered as an intervention to the affected side. Pain intensity, duration of pain, and the number of episodes per day were recorded by the patient in the logbook provided to the patient. After the intervention by 3rd week, the subject reported decrease in intensity of pain, reduction in duration, and episodes of pain in the consecutive days. The effect of MaRhyThe© was encouraging on TN and its symptoms.

Keywords: Matrix rhythm therapy, Myofascia, Trigeminal neuralgia


How to cite this article:
Naik V, Motimath B, Pathania T. Application of matrix rhythm therapy (MaRhyThe©) as a novel treatment in trigeminal neuralgia. Indian J Phys Ther Res 2020;2:141-3

How to cite this URL:
Naik V, Motimath B, Pathania T. Application of matrix rhythm therapy (MaRhyThe©) as a novel treatment in trigeminal neuralgia. Indian J Phys Ther Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jul 27];2:141-3. Available from: https://www.ijptr.org/text.asp?2020/2/2/141/189939




  Introduction Top


Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is orofacial pain that is restricted to one or more divisions of the trigeminal nerve. TN is categorized into three etiologic classes, namely idiopathic, classical, and secondary TN. Idiopathic TN occurs without any underlying pathology. Traditional TN is caused by vascular pressure of the trigeminal nerve root. Secondary TN is the result of a significant neurologic malady, like a tumor of the cerebellopontine point or multiple sclerosis.[1] TN is usually presented unilaterally with intense paroxysmal pain, provocation of pain with a limited local stimulus, with pain always confined along the course of the trigeminal nerve. The pain may last for a few seconds to minutes and is episodic in nature. Patients normally do not encounter pain between paroxysms.[2] The true prevalence of TN is unknown and has not been studied extensively in the population.[3] Although TN is a prototype of neuropathic pain, it does not fit the evaluating framework for the grading of neuropathic pain. Absent objective signs and tests are known features of classical TN and hence confirmatory diagnosis is done clinically.[1]

There are various treatment approaches used in the past which involve the use of medical management including anti-epileptic drugs,[4] antispasmodic and muscle relaxants, antidepressants.[5] The physiotherapeutic modalities such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and LASER[6] were considered as noninvasive modes of treatment. Matrix Rhythm Therapy (MaRhyThe©) has been a recent advancement in the field of rehabilitation. It works on the principle, that cells in the body vibrate or oscillate at a frequency of 8–12 Hz and maintain the physiological functions of the body.[7],[8] MaRhyThe© has shown to be effective in the treatment of pain and movement dysfunction. However, its efficacy in treating symptoms of TN is lacking. Hence, the present case report aimed to investigate the effectiveness of MaRhyThe© in TN to strengthen its role in pain management in TN.


  Case Report Top


A 15-year-old school going boy visited a private physiotherapy center, Belagavi City with complaints of right side intraoral and jaw pain for 2 years. The patient described his pain as a frequent electric shock-like sensation which was episodic in nature. Pain presented while doing his activities of daily living such as washing his face, brushing and occasionally exposure to fan or air conditioners, and eating ice creams. Pain sustained for approximately 3–5 min with 15–20 episodes in a day. The patient was administered with oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-epileptics, and antidepressants with no satisfactory reduction in condition/symptoms from the medical practitioner. During his first visit to the physiotherapy clinic, a detailed assessment was done, including brief history, pain assessment, sensory examination, and motor examinations. The assessment revealed no abnormalities and was clinically diagnosed based on his symptomatology as idiopathic TN.[1] MaRhyThe© was administered once a week for 3 weeks. The treatment outcomes included pain intensity, duration, and number of episodes of pain per day. A logbook was given to the patient to document the duration and episodes of pain the entire week for 3 weeks. The patient was instructed to stop oral medications during the course of therapy and was requested to comply with the advice to wear cotton in both the ears all the time to avoid cold exposure. Based on the logbook data, pre- and postdata of pain intensity (measured using verbal analog scale), duration of pain in seconds, and number of episodes of pain per day were noted and scored compared.

Intervention

The patient was made to lie down comfortably in a supine/prone position depending on the area treated. The treatment areas were well exposed and talcum powder was applied over the treatment area to avoid the friction caused by the Matrix Mobil®. MaRhyThe© sessions lasted for 60 min. The face was divided into three areas: cervical, entire face, and scalp. The treatment duration of each area was 15 min to the cervical region, 30 min to the entire face, and 15 min to the scalp.

Description of MaRhyThe©: MaRhyThe© was delivered using a device Matrix Mobil®. The Matrix Mobil® is rod shaped with a spiral-shaped vibration head that vibrates in the physiological frequency of 8–12 Hz and is applied in a longitudinal stroking manner by pushing the probe of the device into the soft tissue of treatment areas. The device utilizes a combination of mechanical vibrations together with the oscillating electromagnetic field induced by permanent magnets mounted in the resonator. No other physiotherapeutic treatment was provided.


  Results Top


The preintervention score of pain intensity on the verbal analog scale was 7 which reduced to 2 at 3 weeks of postintervention with 71% of pain reduction. The patient also showed a reduction in the duration of pain by 75% (54 s preintervention to 13 s postintervention). Further, the number of episodic pains also reduced remarkably by 60% with 5 episodes/day at preintervention to 2 episodes/day at postintervention) [Table 1].
Table 1: Variation of pain.related parameters pre- to postintervention

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  Discussion Top


Adapting to the recent advancement in technological trends in the field of rehabilitation is the need of the hour. MaRhyThe© is a newer tool in the field of rehabilitation that has shown to be effective in treating pain and restricted mobility of the musculoskeletal system. The current case report addressed to determine the effectiveness of MaRhyThe© in TN. The treatment was locally targeted to deal with the pathology caused to the fifth cranial nerve. Myofascial pain is generally presented by a local, boring, aching muscle pain and the presence of localized tender sites in a muscle, tendon, or fascia. The severity of symptoms in terms of pain by myofascial trigger points is said to cause and is described as agonizing, incapacitating pain to painless restriction of the range of motion.[9]

Similar findings were noted in a study conducted on patients with Bell's Palsy where MaRhyThe© along with standard physiotherapy care was provided. The authors concluded that MaRhyThe© showed faster and better recovery than those in whom only conventional physical therapy treatment is applied.[10]

According to William N. Danzig, physical therapy should be an integral part to boost and accelerate the recovery of temporomandibular joint patients. The utilization of hot moist packs and ultrasound has shown to improve the microcirculatory system, promotes relaxation, relieves muscle spasm, and decreases the inflammation.[11] However, limited scientific evidence prevails in the use of MaRhyThe© which hypothesizes that the intervention acts on cells, promotes improved microcirculation, muscle relaxation, and decreases the inflammation.[12]

In the current case report, the decrease in pain could be ascribed with the impact of MaRhyThe© which acts at cell level causing tissue extension and the elasticity of fascia, permitting free movements of fascia and ligaments, causing decrease in pain. It has also shown to improve microcirculation by decreasing viscosity in blood and increasing artery diameter, consequentially increasing blood supply, oxygen delivery, and the exchange of metabolites at the tissue site that could be the possible reason of improvement observed in the case.[13],[14]

Application of MaRhyThe© also produces muscle relaxation by massaging effect, enhancing parasympathetic activities, and reducing sympathetic activities of the autonomic nervous system.[15] This may also be one of the reasons for the reduction in pain in the present case report.


  Conclusion Top


The present case of TN treated with MaRhyThe© as a novel treatment demonstrated a satisfactory decrease in pain, duration, and episodes of pain. Consequently, the use of MaRhyThe© may be considered as another effective. Physio-therapeutic intervention for treating painful conditions like TN. However, more case series and clinical trials are required to generalize the results to such clinical evidences.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Cruccu G, Finnerup NB, Jensen TS, Scholz J, Sindou M, Svensson P, et al. Trigeminal neuralgia: New classification and diagnostic grading for practice and research. Neurology 2016;87:220-8.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Sweet WH. The treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux). New Eng J Med 1986;315:174-7.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Mueller D, Obermann M, Yoon MS, Poitz F, Hansen N, Slomke MA, et al. Prevalence of trigeminal neuralgia and persistent idiopathic facial pain: A population-based study. Cephalalgia 2011;31:1542-8.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Al-Quliti KW. Update on neuropathic pain treatment for trigeminal neuralgia. The pharmacological and surgical options. Neurosciences (Riyadh) 2015;20:107-14.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Fromm GH, Terrence CF, Chattha AS. Baclofen in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia: double-blind study and long-term follow-up. Ann Neurol 1984;15:240-4.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
King CE, Clelland JA, Knowles CJ, Jackson JR. Effect of helium-neon laser auriculotherapy on experimental pain threshold. Phys Ther 1990;70:24-30.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Shrivastava S, Arif, KS. An Overview of Matrix Rhythm Concept and Efficacy of Matrix Rhythm Therapy in Pathological Conditions. Int J Health Sci Pharm 2019;3:25-30.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Naik V, Bhagwat S, Pathania T, Bootwala F. Effectiveness of matrix rhythm therapy in frozen shoulder with respect to ROM and pain: An experimental study. IJAR 2018;4:73-6.  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
Yoon SZ, Lee SI, Choi SU, Shin HW, Lee HW, Lim HJ, et al. A case of facial myofascial pain syndrome presenting as trigeminal neuralgia. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2009;107:e29-31.  Back to cited text no. 9
    
10.
Bhatikar K. Effect of matrix rhythm therapy and facial neuromuscular retraining program in Bell's palsy: Case report. Euro J Pharm Med Res 2018;5:280-3.  Back to cited text no. 10
    
11.
Danzig WN, Van Dyke AR. Physical therapy as an adjunct to temporomandibular joint therapy. J Prosthet Dent 1983;49:96-9.  Back to cited text no. 11
    
12.
Naik V, Singh M. Effects of matrix rhythm therapy (MaRhyThe) in plantar fasciitis – An experimental study. Indian J Phys Ther Res 2019; 1:105-9.  Back to cited text no. 12
  [Full text]  
13.
Payne GW. Effect of inflammation on the aging microcirculation: Impact on skeletal muscle blood flow control. Microcirculation 2006;13:343-52.  Back to cited text no. 13
    
14.
Taspinar F, Aslan UB, Sabir N, Cavlak U. Implementation of matrix rhythm therapy and conventional massage in young females and comparison of their acute effects on circulation. J Altern Complement Med 2013;19:826-32.  Back to cited text no. 14
    
15.
Diego MA, Field T. Moderate pressure massage elicits a parasympathetic nervous system response. Int J Neurosci 2009;119:630-8.  Back to cited text no. 15
    



 
 
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